युनेस्को

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Small Flag of the United Nations ZP.svg   United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
 
Flag of UNESCO.svg
UNESCO flag
गुथि प्रकार Specialized Agency
एक्रोनिम UNESCO
अध्यक्ष Director General of UNESCO
Koïchiro Matsuura
Flag of Japan.svg Japan
अवस्था Active
पलिस्था 1945
वेबथाय्‌ www.unesco.org
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युनेस्को (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. Its stated purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through education, science, and culture in order to further universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and the human rights and fundamental freedoms proclaimed in the UN Charter.[१]

In total, 191 nations belong to UNESCO. The organization is based in Paris, with over 50 field offices and several institutes and offices throughout the world. Most of the field offices are "cluster" offices covering three or more countries; there are also national and regional offices. UNESCO pursues its action through five major programmes: education, natural sciences, social and human sciences, culture, and communication and information. Projects sponsored by UNESCO include literacy, technical, and teacher-training programmes; international science programmes; the promotion of independent media and freedom of the press; regional and cultural history projects, the promotion of cultural diversity; international cooperation agreements to secure the world cultural and natural heritage and to preserve human rights; and attempts to bridge the world-wide digital divide.

संरचना[सम्पादन]

Three bodies are responsible for policy-making, governance, and day-to-day administration at UNESCO:

  • The General Conference
  • The Executive Board
  • The Secretariat

The General Conference is a gathering of the organization's member states and associate members, at which each state has one vote. Meeting every two years, it sets general policies and defines programme lines for the organization.

The Executive Board's 58 members are elected by the General Conference for staggered four-year terms. The Executive Board prepares the sessions of the General Conference and ensures that its instructions are carried out. It also discharges other specific mandates assigned to it by the General Conference.

The Secretariat consists of the Director-General and his staff and is responsible for the day-to-day running of the organization. The Director-General, who serves as the public face of UNESCO, is elected for a (renewable) four-year term by the General Conference. The staff currently numbers some 2100, of whom some two-thirds are based in Paris, with the remaining third spread around the world in UNESCO's 58 field offices. The Secretariat is divided into various administrative offices and five programme sectors that reflect the organization's major areas of focus.

ज्याखंतः[सम्पादन]

सिरपा[सम्पादन]

युनेस्कोनं बीगु सिरपातः :

डाइरेक्टर जेनेरल[सम्पादन]

  1. Julian Huxley, Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom (1946–1948)
  2. Jaime Torres Bodet, Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico (1948–1952)
  3. John Wilkinson Taylor, Flag of the United States.svg United States (acting 1952–1953)
  4. Luther Evans, Flag of the United States.svg United States (1953–1958)
  5. Vittorino Veronese, Flag of Italy.svg Italy (1958–1961)
  6. René Maheu, Flag of France.svg France (1961–1974; acting 1962)
  7. Amadou-Mahtar M'Bow, Flag of Senegal.svg Senegal (1974–1987)
  8. Federico Mayor Zaragoza, — [[User:{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]] ([[User talk:{{{1}}}|talk]] • [[Special:Contributions/{{{1}}}|contribs]]) has made few or no other edits outside this topic. (1987–1999)
  9. Koïchiro Matsuura, Flag of Japan.svg Japan (1999–present)

General Conferences[सम्पादन]

External links[सम्पादन]