सल्जक साम्राज्य

विकिपिडिया नं

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Büyük Selçuklu Devleti
دولت سلجوقیان
Dawlat-i Saljūqiān
Great Seljuq Empire
1037 – 1194

Location of सल्जक साम्राज्य
Location of सल्जक साम्राज्य
Great Seljuq Empire in its zenith in 1092,
upon the death of Malik Shah I
राजधानी Nishapur
Hamadan, Western capital (1118–1194)
Merv, Eastern capital (1118–1153)
Government Monarchy[[Category:Former monarchies}}|सल्जक साम्राज्य, 1037]]
 - 1037–1063 Toghrul I (first)
 - 1174–1194 Toghrul III (last)[५][६]
 - Tughril formed the state system 1037
 - Replaced by the Khwarezmian Empire[७] 1194
 - 1080 est. ३,९००,००० km2
१,५०५,७९८ sq mi
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Ghaznavid Empire
Khwarezmian Empire
Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm
Ayyubid dynasty
Atabegs of Azerbaijan
Burid dynasty
Zengid dynasty
Artuqid dynasty
थौंयागु इले

सल्जक साम्राज्य छगू तुर्क-पारसी साम्राज्य ख।


  1. १.० १.१ Savory, R. M. and Roger Savory, Introduction to Islamic civilisation, (Cambridge University Press, 1976 ), 82.
  2. Black, Edwin, Banking on Baghdad: inside Iraq's 7,000-year history of war, profit and conflict, (John Wiley and sons, 2004), 38.
  3. ३.० ३.१ ३.२ C.E. Bosworth, "Turkish Expansion towards the west" in UNESCO HISTORY OF HUMANITY, Volume IV, titled "From the Seventh to the Sixteenth Century", UNESCO Publishing / Routledge, p. 391: "While the Arabic language retained its primacy in such spheres as law, theology and science, the culture of the Seljuk court and secular literature within the sultanate became largely Persianized; this is seen in the early adoption of Persian epic names by the Seljuk rulers (Qubād, Kay Khusraw and so on) and in the use of Persian as a literary language (Turkish must have been essentially a vehicle for everyday speech at this time)
  4. Concise encyclopedia of languages of the world, Ed. Keith Brown, Sarah Ogilvie, (Elsevier Ltd., 2009), 1110;Oghuz Turkic is first represented by Old Anatolian Turkish which was a subordinate written medium until the end of the Seljuk rule.".
  5. A New General Biographical Dictionary, Vol.2, Ed. Hugh James Rose, (London, 1853), 214.
  6. Grousset, Rene, The Empire of the Steppes, (New Brunswick:Rutgers University Press, 1988), 167.
  7. Grousset, Rene, The Empire of the Steppes, (New Brunswick:Rutgers University Press, 1988),159,161; "In 1194, Togrul III would succumb to the onslaught of the Khwarizmian Turks, who were destined at last to succeed the Seljuks to the empire of the Middle East."