Difference between revisions of "कार्बोन"

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{{Elementbox_header | number=6 | symbol=C | name=carbon | left=[[boron]] | right=[[nitrogen]] | above=- | below=[[silicon|Si]] | color1=#a0ffa0 | color2=black }}
{{Elementbox_series | [[nonmetal]]s }}
{{Elementbox_groupperiodblock | group=14 | period=2 | block=p }}
{{Elementbox_appearance_img | C,6| black (graphite)<br />colorless (diamond) }}
{{Elementbox_atomicmass_gpm | [[1 E-26 kg|12.0107]][[List of elements by atomic mass|(8)]] }}
{{Elementbox_econfig | 1s<sup>2</sup> 2s<sup>2</sup> 2p<sup>2</sup> }}
{{Elementbox_epershell | 2, 4 }}
{{Elementbox_section_physicalprop | color1=#a0ffa0 | color2=black }}
{{Elementbox_phase | [[solid]] }}
{{Elementbox_density_gpcm3nrt | (graphite) 2.267 }}
{{Elementbox_density_gpcm3nrt | (diamond) 3.513 }}
{{Elementbox_meltingpoint | k=? triple point, ca. 10 MPa<br />and (4300&ndash;4700) | c=4027&ndash;4427 | f=<br />7280&ndash;8000 }}
{{Elementbox_boilingpoint | k=? [[sublimation (physics)|subl.]] ca. 4000 | c=3727 | f=6740 }}
{{Elementbox_heatfusion_kjpmol | (graphite) ? 100 }}
{{Elementbox_heatfusion_kjpmol | (diamond) ? 120 }}
{{Elementbox_heatvaporiz_kjpmol | ? 355.8 }}
{{Elementbox_heatcapacity_jpmolkat25 | (graphite)<br />8.517 }}
{{Elementbox_heatcapacity_jpmolkat25 | (diamond)<br />6.115 }}
{{Elementbox_vaporpressure_katpa | &nbsp; | 2839 | 3048 | 3289 | 3572 | 3908 | comment=(graphite) }}
{{Elementbox_section_atomicprop | color1=#a0ffa0 | color2=black }}
{{Elementbox_crystalstruct | hexagonal }}
{{Elementbox_oxistates | '''4''', 2<br />(mildly [[acid]]ic oxide) }}
{{Elementbox_electroneg_pauling | 2.55 }}
{{Elementbox_ionizationenergies4 | 1086.5 | 2352.6 | 4620.5 }}
{{Elementbox_atomicradius_pm | [[1 E-11 m|70]] }}
{{Elementbox_atomicradiuscalc_pm | [[1 E-11 m|67]] }}
{{Elementbox_covalentradius_pm | [[1 E-11 m|77]] }}
{{Elementbox_vanderwaalsrad_pm | [[1 E-10 m|170]] }}
{{Elementbox_section_miscellaneous | color1=#a0ffa0 | color2=black }}
{{Elementbox_magnetic | [[diamagnetism|diamagnetic]] }}
{{Elementbox_thermalcond_wpmkat300k | (graphite)<br />(119&ndash;165) }}
{{Elementbox_thermalcond_wpmkat300k | (diamond)<br />(900&ndash;2320) }}
{{Elementbox_thermaldiff_wpmkat300k | (diamond)<br />(503&ndash;1300) }}
{{Elementbox_mohshardness | (graphite) 1-2 }}
{{Elementbox_mohshardness | (diamond) 10.0 }}
{{Elementbox_cas_number | 7440-44-0 }}
{{Elementbox_isotopes_begin | color1=#a0ffa0 | color2=black }}
{{Elementbox_isotopes_stable | mn=12 | sym=C | na=98.9% | n=6 }}
{{Elementbox_isotopes_stable | mn=13 | sym=C | na=1.1% | n=7 }}
{{Elementbox_isotopes_decay | mn=14 | sym=C | na=[[trace radioisotope|trace]] | hl=5730 [[year|y]] | dm=[[beta emission|beta<sup>-</sup>]] | de=0.156 | pn=14 | ps=[[nitrogen|N]] }}
{{Elementbox_isotopes_end}}
{{Elementbox_footer | color1=#a0ffa0 | color2=black }}
 
'''कार्बोन'''
 
[[Category:विज्ञान]]
३१,०५८

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