The lineage of algae according to Thomas Cavalier-Smith. The exact number and placement of endosymbiotic events is currently unknown, so this diagram can be taken only as a general guide It represents the most parsimonious way of explaining the three types of endosymbiotic origins of plastids. These types include the endosymbiotic events of cyanobacteria, red algae and green algae, leading to the hypothesis of the supergroups Archaeplastida, Chromalveolata and Cabozoa respectively. However, the monophyly of Cabozoa has been refuted and the monophylies of Archaeplastida and Chromalveolata are currently strongly challenged. Endosymbiotic events are noted by dotted lines.
न्हा (झ्याउ, वाचि) छपुचः थी-थी कथंया युकेर्योतिक प्राणी ख। थ्व पुचलय् छ-कोषीय जेनेरा (क्लोरेला व दायातम) निसें बहुकोषीय प्राणी (दसु ५० मितर तक्क बुइफैगु Macrocystis pyrifera) ला।