विकिपिडिया नं

अल्कोहोलिजम धाःगु, जोर्नल अफ द अमेरिकन मेडिकल असोसिएसनकथं "a primary, chronic disease characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking." ख। [१]


  1. Morse RM, Flavin DK (August 1992). "The definition of alcoholism. The Joint Committee of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism". JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association 268 (8): 1012–4. DOI:10.1001/jama.268.8.1012. PMID 1501306.