फ्लोरिदा

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फ्लोरिडाया राज्य
Flag of फ्लोरिडा State seal of फ्लोरिडा
ध्वाँय् चिं
उपमा: द सनशाइन स्टेट The Sunshine State
Motto(s): इन गड वि ट्रस्ट
State anthem: Florida, Where the Sawgrass Meets the Sky
Map of the United States with फ्लोरिडा highlighted
Official language(s) English[१]
Spoken language(s) English 74.5%
Spanish 18.7%[२]
Demonym फ्लोरिडियन
Capital Tallahassee
Largest city Jacksonville
Largest metro area South Florida metropolitan area
Area  Ranked 22nd in the U.S.
 - Total 65,755[३] sq mi
(170,304[३] km2)
 - Width 361 miles (582 km)
 - Length 447 miles (721 km)
 - % water 17.9
 - Latitude 24° 27′ N to 31° 00' N
 - Longitude 80° 02′ W to 87° 38′ W
Population  Ranked 4th in the U.S.
 - Total 18,801,310 (2010 Census)[३]
 - Density 350.6/sq mi  (135.4/km2)
Ranked 10th in the U.S.
 - Median household income  $47,778 (33rd)
Elevation  
 - Highest point Britton Hill[४][५]
345 ft (105 m)
 - Mean 98 ft  (30 m)
 - Lowest point Atlantic Ocean[४]
sea level
Admission to Union  March 3, 1845 (27th)
Governor Rick Scott (R)
Lieutenant Governor Jennifer Carroll (R)
Legislature Florida Legislature
 - Upper house Senate
 - Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Bill Nelson (D)
Marco Rubio (R)
U.S. House delegation 19 Republicans, 6 Democrats (list)
Time zones  
 - Peninsula and "Big Bend" region Eastern: UTC-5/-4
 - Panhandle Central: UTC-6/-5
Abbreviations FL Fla. US-FL
Website www.myflorida.com
Florida State Symbols
Flag of Florida.svg
The flag of Florida.

Animate insignia
Bird Northern Mockingbird
Butterfly Zebra Longwing
Fish Florida largemouth bass, Atlantic sailfish
Flower Orange blossom
Mammal Florida panther, Manatee, Bottle-nosed dolphin
Reptile American Alligator
Tree Sabal Palmetto

Inanimate insignia
Beverage Orange juice
Food Key lime pie, Orange
Gemstone Moonstone
Rock agatized Coral
Shell Horse conch
Soil Myakka
Song(s) "Old Folks at Home" ("Way Down Upon The Swanee River")

Route marker(s)
Florida Route Marker

State Quarter
Quarter of Florida
Released in 2004

Lists of United States state insignia

फ्लोरिडा (Listeni/ˈflɒrɪdə/) संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिकाया छगू दक्षिणी राज्य ख। थ्व राज्य देय्या दक्षिणपूर्वी तटीय लागाय् ला। थ्व राज्यया पश्किमय् मेक्सिकोया खाडी, उत्तरय् अलाबामा व ज्योर्जिया राज्य व पूर्वय् एट्लान्टिक महासागर ला। सन् २०१०या अनुमानित जनसंख्या १८,८०१,३१० अनुसार थ्व राज्य संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिकाया ४गुगु दक्ले अप्व जनसंख्या दूगु राज्य ख।[६][७] ६५७५५ वर्ग माइल क्षेत्रफल दूगु थ्व राज्य क्षेत्रफल कथं अमेरिकाया २२गु दक्ले तःधंगु राज्य ख। थ्व राज्यया राजधानी ट्यालाहासी ख धाःसा दक्ले तःधंगु नगर ज्याक्सनभिल ख।

फ्लोरिदाया प्रायः थाय् मेक्सिकोया खादी, एत्लान्तिक महासागर व फ्लोरिदाया स्त्रेतया दथुइ ला। थ्व राज्यया भूगोलय् ताःहाकगु कोस्तलाइन, यक्व ल व हरिकेनया यक्व प्रभाव दु। अमेरिकाया मू जमिनय् दूगु राज्यय् फ्लोरिदाय् दक्ले ताःहाकगु ततीय क्षेत्र ला। थ्व राज्यया ततीय क्षेत्र करिब १३५० माइल दु। थ्व राज्यया यक्व क्षेत्रफल समुद्री सतहय् वा नापं ला।

Since the first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León – who named it La Florida ("Flowery Land") upon landing there during the Easter season, Pascua Florida[८] – Florida was a challenge for the European colonial powers before it gained statehood in the United States in 1845. It was a principal location of the Seminole Wars against the Indians, and racial segregation after the American Civil War. Today, it is distinguished by its large Hispanic community, and high population growth, as well as its raising environmental concerns. Its economy relies mainly on tourism, agriculture and transport, which developed in the late 19th century. Florida is also known for its amusement parks, the production of oranges and the Kennedy Space Center.

Florida culture is a reflection of influences and multiple inheritance; Native American, European American, African American and Hispanic heritages can be found in the architecture and cuisine. Florida has attracted many writers such as Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Ernest Hemingway and Tennessee Williams, and continues to attract celebrities and athletes. It is internationally known for tennis, golf, auto racing and water sports.

लिधंसा[सम्पादन]

  1. Article 2, Section 9, Constitution of the State of Florida. State of Florida. मूलिधंसाय् तिथि November 20, 2010 कथं। December 8, 2008 कथं।
  2. Florida — Languages. MLA. Retrieved on 2010-04-15.
  3. ३.० ३.१ ३.२ 2000 Census (ZIP). US Census Bureau. July 18, 2007 कथं।
  4. ४.० ४.१ Elevations and Distances in the United States. United States Geological Survey (2001). October 21, 2011 कथं।
  5. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  6. behind California, Texas, and New York
  7. United States population by states, United States Census Bureau.
  8. "Historic Feature: Juan Ponce de Leon Landing – Brevard County Parks and Recreation Department on Florida's Beautiful Space Coast". Brevard County Parks & Recreation. BrevardParks.com. Retrieved 2011-04-03.