तेक्सास

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तेक्सासया राज्य
Flag of तेक्सास State seal of तेक्सास
तेक्सासया ध्वाँय् तेक्सासया छाप
उपमा: द लोन स्तार स्तेत (The Lone Star State)
Motto(s): Friendship
Official language(s) No official language
(see Languages spoken in Texas)
Spoken language(s) English 68.7%
Spanish 27.0%[१]
Demonym तेक्सासमि, तेक्सान
तेक्सिकन (archaic)
Capital अस्तिन
Largest city ह्युस्तन
Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington[२]
Area  Ranked 2nd in the U.S.
 - Total 268,581[३] sq mi
(696,241 km2)
 - Width 773[४] miles (1,244 km)
 - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)
 - % water 2.5
 - Latitude 25° 50′ N to 36° 30′ N
 - Longitude 93° 31′ W to 106° 39′ W
Population  Ranked 2nd in the U.S.
 - Total 25,145,561 (2010 Census)[५]
 - Density 96.3[६]/sq mi  (37.2/km2)
Ranked 26th in the U.S.
Elevation  
 - Highest point Guadalupe Peak[७][८][९]
8,751 ft (2667.4 m)
 - Mean 1,700 ft  (520 m)
 - Lowest point Gulf of Mexico[८]
sea level
Admission to Union  December 29, 1845 (28th)
Governor Rick Perry (R)
Lieutenant Governor David Dewhurst (R)
Legislature Texas Legislature
 - Upper house Senate
 - Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Kay Bailey Hutchison (R)
John Cornyn (R)
U.S. House delegation 23 Republicans, 9 Democrats (list)
Time zones  
 - most of state Central: UTC−6/−5
 - tip of West Texas Mountain: UTC−7/−6
Abbreviations TX Tex. US-TX
Website www.texas.gov

तेक्सास संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिकाया क्षेत्रफल व जनसंख्या निगु हे कथं २गु दकले तःधंगु राज्य ख। नापं मू अमेरिकी भूभागय् थ्व दकले तःधंगु राज्य ख। थ्व राज्यया नां काद्दो भाषाया खँग्वः तेयास "Tejas" नं वःगु ख। थ्व खँग्वःया अर्थ पासा वा अलाइ "allies" ख। थ्व खँग्वः स्पेनीतयेसं काद्दोतयेगु पूर्वी तेक्सासया वस्तीयात बियातःगु नां ख। [१०] दक्षिण मध्य संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिकाय् अवस्थित थ्व राज्यया दक्षिणय् मेक्सिको, पश्चिमय् न्यु मेक्सिको, उत्तरय् ओक्लाहोमा, उत्तरपूर्वय् आर्कान्सः व पूर्वय् लुइजियाना ला। थ्व राज्यया कूल क्षेत्रफल २६८,८२० square miles (० km2) दु व जनसंख्या २ कोटी ५१ लखः दु। [११]

स्पेनी औपनिवेशिक राजकालय् थ्व थाय्या आधिकारिक नां नुएभो रेइनो दे फिलिपिनास: ला प्रोभिन्सिया दे तेक्सास (Nuevo Reino de Filipinas : La Provincia de Texas) जुयाच्वन। [१२] एन्तोनियो मार्गिल दे इशु (Antonio Margil de Jesús)नं जुलाई २०, सन् १७१६इ दकले न्ह्यः भिसरोयल्ती अफ न्यु स्पेन खँग्वः छयलाहगु खनेदु। थ्व नां सन् १८००या अन्त तक्क नं आपालं प्रचलित मजुसां आधिकारिक रुपय् छ्यलातःगु खनेदु।

ह्युस्तन तेक्सासया दकले तःधंगु व संरा अमेरिकाया प्यंगु दकले तःधंगु नगर ख धाःसा सान आन्तोनियो राज्यया २गु व देय्या ७गु दकले तःधंगु नगर ख। द्यालास–फोर्त वर्थ मेत्रोप्लेक्सग्रेतर ह्युस्तन देय्या ४गु व ६गु दकले तःधंगु महानगर ख। मेमेगु मू नगरय् एल पासो, अस्तिन (राज्यया राजधानी) आदि ला। थ्व राज्ययात लोन स्तार राज्य (Lone Star State) वा याकः नगु राज्य नं धाइगु या। थ्व नां नं थ्व राज्यया स्वतन्त्र गणतन्त्रया रुपय् पलिस्था जुइधुंकुगु इतिहास व राज्यया मेक्सिकों स्वतन्त्रताया निंतिं संग्रामयात मनन याइ। लोन स्तार तेक्सासया राज्यया ध्वाँय् व राज्यया छापय् नं खनेदु। [१३]

Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes that resemble both the American South and Southwest.[१४] Although Texas is popularly associated with the Southwestern deserts, less than 10% of the land area is desert.[१५] Most of the population centers are located in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the Big Bend.

The term "six flags over Texas" came from the several nations that had ruled over the territory. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony in Texas. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845 it joined the United States as the 28th state. The state's annexation set off a chain of events that caused the Mexican–American War in 1846. A slave state, Texas declared its secession from the United States in early 1861, joining the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. After the war and its restoration to the Union, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation.

One Texas industry that thrived after the Civil War was cattle. Due to its long history as a center of the industry, Texas is associated with the image of the cowboy. The state's economic fortunes changed in the early 20th century, when oil discoveries initiated an economic boom in the state. With strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century. As of 2010 it shares the top of the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with California at 57.[१६] With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including agriculture, petrochemicals, energy, computers and electronics, aerospace, and biomedical sciences. It leads the nation in export revenue since 2002 and has the second-highest gross state product.

इतिहास[सम्पादन]

भूगोल[सम्पादन]

अर्थतन्त्र[सम्पादन]

लिधंसा[सम्पादन]

  1. Texas — Languages. MLA. Retrieved on 2010-04-15.
  2. Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area Estimates. US Census (2007-04-04). 2008-04-28 कथं।
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named facts
  4. Environment. Texas Almanac (2008). 2008-04-29 कथं।
  5. 2010 Resident Population Data: Population Change. US Census. 2010-Dec-21 कथं।
  6. 2010 Resident Population Data: Population Density. US Census. 2010-Dec-21 कथं।
  7. "El Capitan" 
  8. ८.० ८.१ Elevations and Distances in the United States. United States Geological Survey (2001). October 24, 2011 कथं।
  9. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  10. Texas, origin of name Handbook of Texas Online
  11. U.S. Census Bureau Announces 2010 Census Population Counts – Apportionment Counts Delivered to President. Press Release. U.S. Census Bureau (December 21, 2010). February 7, 2011 कथं।
  12. Teja, Jesús de la. New Philippines. Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association.
  13. Introduction to Texas. Netstate.com. 2010-04-11 कथं।
  14. Sansom, Andrew: Water in Texas: An Introduction, University of Texas Press, 2008, pg. 25
  15. Dingus, Anne: The dictionary of Texas misinformation, Gulf Publishing Company, 1987
  16. CNN.com, Retrieved November 2010.

स्वया दिसँ[सम्पादन]

स्वापू दुगु च्वसु[सम्पादन]

पिनेया स्वापूत[सम्पादन]