उटो-एज्टेक्यान भाषातः

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पाश्चात्य सम्पर्क स्वया न्ह्ययागु उत्तरी उटो-एज्टेक्यान भाषातेगु अवस्था

उटो-एज्टेक्यान भाषातः अमेरिकी मूलयागु भाषा खः। थ्व भाषातः अमेरिकाय् दक्ले बांलाक्क स्थापित जुगु भाषाय् छगु खः।


पुलां भाय् यागु भाषिक गुण[सम्पादन]

सः[सम्पादन]

न्यागु सः खने दु: *i *a *u *o *ɨ

व्यञ्जन[सम्पादन]

Bilabial Coronal Palatal Velar Labialized
velar
Glottal
Stop *p *t *k *kʷ
Affricate *c
Fricative *s *h
Nasal *m *n
Rhotic *r
अर्ध सः *y *w



उत्तरी उटो-एज्टेक्यान[सम्पादन]

न्युमिक भाषा

पश्चिम न्युमिक
मोनो भाषा
उत्तरी Paiute भाषा
मध्य न्युमिक
Comanche
Shoshone
Panamint (Koso, Timbisha)
दक्षिणी न्युमिक
Kawaiisu
दक्षिणी Paiute
Ute, Chemehuevi

Takic (Southern California Shoshone)

Cupan
Cahuilla
Cupeño
Luiseño (Juaneño)
Gabrielino (Tongva, Fernandeño)
Tataviam
Serran
Kitanemuk
Serrano

Tubatulabal (Kern River)

Hopi

दक्षिणी उटो-एज्टेक्यान[सम्पादन]

Sonoran*

पिमान भाषा
O'odham (Upper Piman, Pima, Papago)
Pima Bajo (Lower Piman, Mountain Pima)
Tepehuán language
उत्तरी Tepehuan
दक्षिणी Tepehuan
दक्षिण-पूर्वी Tepehuán
दक्षिण-पश्चिमी Tepehuán
Tepecano
Taracahitic
Tarahumaran
Guarijío
Tarahumara
Tubar
Opatan
Ópata
Eudeve
Cahita
मायो भाषा
याकुइ भाषा
Corachol (Coran)
Huichol
Cora

Aztecan (Nahuatl, Nahuan)

Pochutec (Pochutla)
साधारण एज्टेक
Nahuatl (Aztec)
मध्य भाषिका: Classical Nahuatl,
Peripheral भाषिका: Isthmus-Mecayapan Nahuatl, Durango,
Pipil (Nawat)


= लोप

*The Sonoran grouping including the Piman, Taracahitan and Coracholan subgroups is not accepted as constituting an actual subbranch by all scholars.

The term Aztecoidan refers to Alden Mason's sub-grouping of the Aztecan and Corachol branches.

श्रोत[सम्पादन]

  • Campbell, Lyle. 1979. Middle American languages. In The Languages of Native America: Historical and Comparative Assessment, edited by Lyle Campbell and Marianne Mithun, pp. 902-1000. University of Texas Press, Austin.
  • Campbell, Lyle. 1997. American Indian Languages: The Historical Linguistics of Native America. Oxford University Press.
  • Goddard, Ives. (1996). Introduction. In Languages, edited by Ives Goddard, pp. 1-16. Handbook of North American Indians, William C. Sturtevant, general editor, Vol. 17. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
  • Miller, Wick R. 1983. Uto-Aztecan languages. In Southwest, edited by Alfonso Ortiz, pp. 113-124. Handbook of North American Indians. William C. Sturtevant, general editor, Vol. 10. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C.
  • Mithun, Marianne. 1999. The Languages of Native North America. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-23228-7 (hbk); ISBN 0-521-29875-X.
  • Steele, Susan. 1979. Uto-Aztecan: An assessment for historical and comparative linguistics. In The Languages of Native America: Historical and Comparative Assessment, edited by Lyle Campbell and Marianne Mithun, pp. 444-544. University of Texas Press, Austin.
  • Súarez, Jorge. 1983. The Mesoamerican Indian Languages. Cambridge University Press.

पिनेयागु स्वापूतः[सम्पादन]