Difference between revisions of "मलेसिया"

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{{Infobox country
|conventional_long_name = Malaysia
|common_name = मलेसिया
|image_flag = Flag of Malaysia.svg
|alt_flag = A blue rectangle with a gold star and crescent in the canton, with 14 horizontal red and white lines on the rest of the flag
|image_coat = Coat of arms of Malaysia.svg
|symbol_type = Coat of arms
|alt_coat = Shield showing symbols of the Malaysian states with a star and crescent above it and a motto below it supported by two tigers
|image_map = Malaysia (orthographic projection).svg
|national_motto = "Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu"{{lower|0.2em|<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.malaysia.gov.my/EN/Main/MsianGov/MsianFlagAndCrest/Pages/MsianFlagAndCrest.aspx |title=Malaysian Flag and Coat of Arms |publisher=Malaysian government |accessdate=26 October 2010}}</ref><!--end lower:-->}}<br/>{{small|"Unity Is Strength"}}
|national_anthem = ''[[Negaraku]]''<br/>{{small|''My Country'' (instrumental)}}<br/><center>[[File:Negaraku instrumental.ogg]]</center>
|capital = [[Kuala Lumpur]]{{ref label|capital|a|}}<br/>{{nowrap|[[Putrajaya]] {{small|(administrative)}}}}
|latd=3 |latm=08 |latNS=N |longd=101 |longm=42 |longEW=E
|largest_city = capital
|official_languages = [[Malaysian language|Malaysian]]{{ref label|BM|b|}}
|languages_type = [[Official script]]
|languages = [[Malay alphabet|Malay (Latin) alphabet]]{{ref label|script|c}}
|languages_sub = yes
|languages2_type = Recognized
|languages2 = [[English language|English]]{{ref label|English|d|}}
|languages2_sub = yes
|official_religion = [[Islam]]
|demonym = Malaysian<ref name="state.gov"/>
|ethnic_groups =
{{unbulleted list
| 50.4% [[Malaysian Malay|Malay]]
| 23.7% [[Malaysian Chinese|Chinese]]
| 11.0% [[Orang Asal|Indigenous]]
| &nbsp;7.1% [[Malaysian Indian|Indian]]
| &nbsp;7.8% other
}}
|ethnic_groups_year = {{lower|0.4em|<ref name="CIA Fact Book"/>}}
|government_type = [[Federal monarchy|Federal]] [[Constitutional monarchy|constitutional]] [[elective monarchy]] and [[Federation|federal]] [[parliamentary democracy]]
|leader_title1 = [[Yang di-Pertuan Agong|King]]
|leader_name1 = [[Abdul Halim of Kedah|Abdul Halim]]
|leader_title2 = [[Prime Minister of Malaysia|Prime Minister]]
|leader_name2 = {{nowrap|[[Najib Razak|Najib Tun Razak]] ([[Barisan Nasional|BN]])}}
|leader_title3 = [[Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia|Deputy Prime Minister]]
|leader_name3 = {{nowrap|[[Muhyiddin Yassin]] ([[Barisan Nasional|BN]])}}
|legislature = [[Parliament of Malaysia|Parliament]]
|upper_house = ''[[Dewan Negara]]''
|lower_house = ''[[Dewan Rakyat]]''
|sovereignty_type = [[Independence]]
|sovereignty_note = from the [[United Kingdom]]
|established_event1 = [[Federation of Malaya|Malaya]]
|established_date1 = 31 August 1957<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,808165,00.html |title=MALAYA: Independence by 1957 |publisher=''[[Time (magazine)|Time]]'' |date=20 February 1956 |accessdate=22 April 2012}}</ref>
|established_event2 = [[Sarawak]]
|established_date2 = 22 July 1963<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.bintulu.org/news/2009/03/20/sarawak-independence-day-july-22-sept-16.php |title=Sarawak Independence Day Should Have Been July 22 Not Sept 16? |publisher=''Bintulu Weekly'' |date=20 March 2011 |accessdate=22 April 2012}}</ref>
|established_event3 = [[North Borneo]]{{ref label|Sabah|e|}}
|established_date3 = 31 August 1963<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.sabahkini.net/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=8336:sabah-independence-day-on-aug-311963&catid=35:berita-sabah&Itemid=27 |title=SABAH INDEPENDENCE DAY ON AUG 31,1963 |publisher=''Sabahkini.net'' |date=11 September 2011 |accessdate=22 April 2012}}</ref>
|established_event4 = {{nowrap|Federation of<br/>[[Federation of Malaya|Malaya]], [[North Borneo|N Borneo]],<br/>[[Sarawak]], [[Singapore]]{{ref label|Singapore|f|}}}}
|established_date4 = 16 September 1963
|area_rank = 67th
|area_magnitude = 1_E+11
|area_km2 = 329,847
|area_sq_mi = 127,355
|percent_water = 0.3
|population_estimate =
|population_estimate_year = 2010
|population_estimate_rank = 42nd
|population_census_year = 2010
|population_census = 28,334,135<ref name="Population" />
|population_census_rank = 42nd
|population_density_km2 = 86
|population_density_sq_mi = 216.45
|population_density_rank = 114th
|GDP_PPP_year = 2012
|GDP_PPP = {{nowrap|$491.967 billion<ref name=imf3>{{cite web |title=Malaysia |url=http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2012/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=43&pr.y=9&sy=2012&ey=2017&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=548&s=NGDP_RPCH%2CNGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a= |publisher=International Monetary Fund |accessdate=23 January 2013}}</ref>}}
|GDP_PPP_rank =
|GDP_PPP_per_capita = $16,942<ref name="imf3"/>
|GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank =
|GDP_nominal_year = 2012
|GDP_nominal = {{nowrap|$307.178 billion<ref name="imf3"/>}}
|GDP_nominal_rank =
|GDP_nominal_per_capita = $10,578<ref name="imf3"/>
|GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank =
|Gini_year = 2002
|Gini_change = <!--increase/decrease/steady-->
|Gini = 46.1 <!--number only-->
|Gini_ref = <ref name="CIA Fact Book"/>
|Gini_rank = 36th
|HDI_year = 2011
|HDI_change = increase <!--increase/decrease/steady-->
|HDI = 0.761 <!--number only-->
|HDI_ref = <ref>{{cite web |url=http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2011_EN_Table1.pdf |title=Human Development Report 2011 |publisher=United Nations |accessdate=2 November 2011}}</ref>
|HDI_rank = 61st
|currency = [[Malaysian ringgit|Ringgit]] (RM)
|currency_code = MYR
|date_format = dd-mm-yyyy
|time_zone = [[Malaysian Standard Time|MST]]
|utc_offset = +8
|time_zone_DST = {{nowrap|not observed}}
|utc_offset_DST = +8
|drives_on = left
|calling_code = [[+60]]
|ISO_3166-1_alpha2 = MY
|ISO_3166-1_alpha3 = MYS
|ISO_3166-1_numeric = 458
|sport_code = [[IOC]]/[[FIFA]]: MAS<br/>[[ISO]]: MYS
|vehicle_code = MAL
|cctld = [[.my]]
|footnote_a = {{note|capital}} [[Kuala Lumpur]] is the capital city and is home to the legislative branch of the Federal government. [[Putrajaya]] is the primary seat of the federal government where the executive and judicial branches are located.
|footnote_b = {{note|BM}} The terminology as per government policy is ''Bahasa Malaysia'' (literally "Malaysian language")<ref>{{cite news |author1=Wong Chun Wai |author2=Edwards, Audrey |url=http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2007/6/4/nation/17923478&sec=nation |title=Back to Bahasa Malaysia |work=The Star |date=4 June 2007|accessdate=26 October 2010}}</ref> but legislation continues to refer to the official language as ''Bahasa Melayu'' (literally "Malay language").<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.jac.gov.my/jac/images/stories/akta/federalconstitution.pdf |title=Federal Constitution |publisher=Judicial Appointments Commission |accessdate=29 November 2011}}</ref>
|footnote_c = {{note|script}} Under the National Language Act 1967, "The script of the national language shall be the Rumi [Latin] script: provided that this shall not prohibit the use of the Malay script, more commonly known as the [[Jawi script]], of the national language."<ref>[http://www.agc.gov.my/Akta/Vol.%201/Act%2032.pdf National Language Act 1967]</ref>
|footnote_d = {{note|English}} Under the National Language Act 1967, English may be used for some purposes.
|footnote_e = {{note|Sabah}} Before the accession, Sabah was referred to as North Borneo.
|footnote_f = {{note|Singapore}} Singapore became an independent country on 9 August 1965.<ref>[http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2006/org1469.doc.htm United Nations Member States<!--Bot-generated title-->]</ref>
}}
 
==ईतिहास==
==भूगोल==
==राजनीति==
 
[[पुचः:दे]]
[[पुचः:देय्]]
 
[[en: Malaysia]]
३१,०९०

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