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[[Image:Badshahi Mosque July 1 2005 pic32 by Ali Imran.jpg|thumb|left|200px|[[Badshahi Masjid]], [[Lahore]], [[Pakistan]]]]
However, the architecture and urbanism of the Classical civilisations such as the [[Ancient Greece|Greek]] and the [[Ancient Rome|Roman]] evolved from more civic ideas and new building types emerged. Architectural styles developed and texts on architecture began to be written. These became canons to be followed in important works, especially religious architecture. Some examples of canons are the works of Vitruvius, the Kaogongji of ancient [[China]] and [[Vaastu Shastra]] in ancient [[India]]. In [[Europe]] in the [[Classical antiquity|Classical]] and [[Medieval]] periods, buildings were not attributed to specific individual architects who remained anonymous. [[Guild]]s were formed by craftsmen to organise their trade. Over time the complexity of buildings and their types increased. General civil construction such as roads and bridges began to be built. Many new building types such as schools, hospitals, and recreational facilities emerged.
[[Islamic architecture]] has a long and complex history beginning in the seventh century [[Common Era|CE]]. Examples can be found throughout the countries that are, or were, Islamic - from [[Morocco]] and [[Spain]] to [[Turkey]], [[Iran]] and [[Pakistan]]. Other examples can be found in areas where Muslims are a minority. Islamic architecture includes mosques, madrasas, caravansarais, palaces, and mausolea of this large region.